The SINCLAIR Computer Technology Magazine






Wish for

A Christmas

0] SPECTERM-64(TS—4,1)

00/1200 Terminal Software for T/S2068 On JLO, AFRCO, Larken disk or tape. Only $25.00 + $2.50 S&H

ALSO 0] Z-SI/0 Bare Boards

RS-232e Serial Interface for T/S2068 With EREE 2050 card Only $24.50 + $2.50 S&H

OR BOTH FOR ONLY $50.00 inc. S&H

( Oursme 48 conricucus stares, $650 StH) FEEELLE FEEL ELELELETE

LARKEN Disk Hardware: [ ] LARKEN Disk System for T/s206e

Includes LARKEN Floppy Disk Interface, LKDOS (v.3) Cartridge, Operating Manual and LKDOS Utiities’ Disk. Only $120.00 + $5.00 S&H

[] LKDOS Cartridge for JLO

Specially configured LKDOS (v.3) Cartridge that works with your JLO SAFE Disk hardware. Includes Operating Manual and LKDOS Utilities' Disk,

Only $65.00 + $3.50 S&H

[ ] LARKEN Ramdisk for T/s2068

No RAM chips are included. You can add up to 256K to this Nonvolatile Ramdisk. Easy to use as a floppy disk with LKDOS.

Only $60.00 + $3.50 S&H


11 Tandon TM101-4 Quad Disk Drives

These disk drives are brand new in factory sealed cartons. They are double sided, double density, 96 tpi (quad), full height drives. They are compatible with JLO, LKDOS, AERCO and QL disk systems.

$45,00 + $5.00 S&H

Buy 2, Get FREE Drive Cable! Buy 3, Get 4th for Half Price! Buy 4, Get One Disk Drive FREE! [ J] Cable (2dr)..$12.50+52.50 S&H


{LJ Avatex 2400 (3/12/2400)... 5179 For CP/M, IBM and other systems.

{ ] Avatex 1200hc (300/1200).....5SD For T/S2068 (w/ Z-SI/O) and QL.

[C ] Avatex t200<P> ¢ <P>ocket size for the Z83,

{ 1 Avatex @O00<E> (300/1200).......565 Great for SPECTERM-64!

Epson Compatible PRINTERS [ ] Seikosha 1200AI (120/25)..5199 { J] Seikosha 160Al (100/20)..S169 { ] Star NX1000 (144/34)....5229

All modems add $3.50 for S&H, all printers add $10.00 for S&H (Canada double S&H on all items).

is brought to you by:

Christmas Mish List Ed Grey Enterprises P.O. Box #2186, Inglewood,

CA 30305

Info >> 213-759-7406 << Order Call The Grey Matter BBS & RCP/H (213-971-6260)

bi-monthly by TIE

, OF HIT Ad,, Colton,

CONRIGUTORS: Michael , Carve Paul Binsham, Mike de Sosa, E5 V. Cunninston, Sud tuncoop, St: Lenke, Joe Williamson, Cavid Hutchinson, Quncan T: ir Bowers 5., Michael ski, r Bill Ferrebes, John Gel|, Gerren Fricke, Fred fachbaur, Willian

POStEd above,

Entire contents Copyright (2) 1855 TIE CESIG, All rishts reserved. fisterial in this

Produced in any Form withqut

C. Phat » Tim Stoddard, Dick Witten permission, Request For Uasner Permission should be directed to ‘the editor, RETEIRL THE? To deteraine your ee Deiretign Geta evaetd (ease |‘ RESCRIPTIMNY 18,95 per year ad in the upper-right (U5R only)-sik issues, Canadian

and FOreisn Subscription-$16, 5 Per usar (nailed SurFace rate),

TOTICE TO FOVERTISERS: Unite or call For display advertising rates and information, Ue have the fi Timex Sinclair

vai lable.

FROUT AOS IN TIME DESIGNS: ue Fesponsible For mis~ Stakes, misprints or tupo- Eraphital errors. Raver ‘this meseeing are not cr with TIE CEST6NS MASE! WE ssune no liability resarding Contents or claims oF the ads, TIME CESISTS reserves the risht ‘ta redect irresponsible ad- vertising,

Corner oF your mailing label, The date pOSted is the last issue You will receive, (Exanele: "Now/8S" would indicate the Toverber/Decenber 1559 issue, ) A Teneua! Form is provided el: here in this issue For your Convenience. OF simply send in Your payment, and indicate on the Check that it is For a renewal,

MOVING? Plesse inform us 2s Soon 83 you Know your new

dcress a prevent delay oF rvice and

y Forward third-class (buIK) mail

NOTICE: Contributors to TIME DESIGNS are independent of the TIME DESIGNS MAGAZINE CO., and opinions expressed In the contents of this publication are not necessarily those of the management stat! o its adver. tisers, Time Designs Magazine Co. will not be held lable for any damage or Consequences resulting from instructions, assertions of fact, review of pro. {duets oF companies provided in the magazine's content. tis recommended that anyone attempting to modify thele computer or constructing an eles. weal project should seek help trom more knowledgoable Individuals,





Computer Technology Magazine

ABOUT THE COVER {part one)

Hey. that's my kid on the front cover!

If you've been a subscriber to TIME DESIGNS for awhile. you may have noticed that I never really mention a whole lot about my family or personal matters. I have always felt that our customers pay for computer information, and it's computer info thae you'll get. TS HORIZONS and CTM were two magazines (now defunct) that I enjoyed, and remember reading frequently about family members in their editorial pag

jo what the heck. Just this once. Yep, that's my two year-old son, Timothy Dean (or "T.D." for short)

As I am writing this column, my wife and I are expecting our second child. It will be any day now. and T.D. will have a little brother or sister.

And what is that curious vehicle that T.D. is viding on? Hard core Sinclair fanatics will recognize it at once. It's a Sinclair “C5” personal electric Setenad the opportunity to purchase a used one here recently, and went for it. Now my (who can't

ly drive it yet) can brag to his friends that the only one on the block with a C5,

Continued Next Page.



The CS is the newest addition to my Sinclair “museum”, which also includes a ZX80 computer, the pocket TV, the FM digital watch, and a whole bunch of Timex goodies, like the original Timex 2068 disk drive system (with Timex labels), and a genuine Timex joystick for the 2068. I keep looking for other goodies, and once in awhile (especially at the Timex computer shows), I run into another fellow fanatic

who algo has a collection. Such items as the original Sinclair programmable calculator, the Sinclair “black watch", and a 2050 modem with actual Timex logo


But the C5 is certainly the centerpiece of my collection, and perhaps the strangest. It was a Clive Sinclair failure. I remember hearing about the re~ search being conducted on electric vehicles several years ago. But I never imagined that the C5 would be the result of this research. A sort-of snowmobile on wheels

Ihave taken my C5 completely apart, partly out of curiosity. partly to lubricate critical moving parts, and just general restoration. In doing so, 1 found'the elusive Sinclair custom Integrated Circuit (chip) that monitors motor and battery status. It's a ULA, and I swear, it looks suspiciously like the one that resides in the 2x81!

The C5 went on sale for just a short time here in the U.S. through mail order, but I bet that only a few hundred were sold. The big problem was that the vehicle has a one-piece molded plastic body nearly six feet in length. Too big for UPS and Federal Express. I had to have it trucked from the east coast which added over $100 to the price. Someone in engineering was not thinking. If only it could be folded up or disassembled into a smaller package.

And to add insult to injury, Sinclair had con- tracted HOOVER to manufacture the vehicle. Does that name sound familiar? It should, as just about every department store sells their line of vacuum cleaners! Tn fact, Hoover was also responsible for warranty service and parts. I called over to England to try and locate some parts my C5 was missing, and found that Hoover still stocks some of the items.


RMG is adding so many NEW and EXCITING ITEMS to our line that our storerooms are BULGING! We have added more that 25 NEW PAGES and changed over 20 others in our BIG 70+ page catalog. We want to make sure that you do not miss out on anuthing we may be able to help you with in your computing. If you will send us $3.00 you will receive our catalog with a $3 off coupon for your first order. ANDy send along 12 business size SASEs and you will receive 12 monthly updates and special mailings. $5 discount coupon in first mailing!


But after all of the criticism is raised about the C5, there is one aspect that is usually over- looked’ about the machine. It is darn fun to drive It's a tad bit slow. but one trip around the block and your hooked. ‘Everyone on the road will stare. There is simply nothing else like it around

While it would be nice to close this little chapter of Sinclair history, and write the C5 off as @ curious "boondoggle" that had But, 1o and behold, I was told on Clive is still working on electric vehicl I'll have to make some more room in the “museum

ABOUT THE COVER (part tua)

Turning our attention back to the front cover of

this issue...did you notice anything different?? ‘A big "thank you" to Paul Bingham for designing our new TIME DESIGNS logo. I think it's clever and

attractive, and I hope that you all like it too. This logo is the sixth revision to our very first logo which appeared on Volume One Number One. I had planned to unveil this new logo for the Nov/Dec issue, but I liked it so much, that I couldn't wa to showcase it.

Wo have the ever talented and artistic Paul Bingham working on some other projects for us. But he hasn't forgotten his CLASSY FRONT END column, which will resume next issue. Be sure to check out hi write up and evaluation of the 268 portable computer and how it sizes up to previous Sinclair computers, inside this issue.

In closing, I might add, that this issue con tains a whole lot of pre-Christmas advertising from a variety of Timex Sinclair vendors. I do hope that you will patronize them in one way or another, as they support TIME DESIGNS. Why not drop a hint to Santa, that a new disk drive system, or software package is just the thing you need to further your "hobby"?

Tin Koods

CHU2 2.15

INOW ANYONE WITH 32K OF DOCK RAM CAN RUN CADZ. STILL JUST $20.00 :Requires Artworx by Novelsofrt:




Send $1 for docs, catalog and review by Duncan Teague. Refunded with any purchase.

= 32k INTERNAL RAM _ MOD. $35.00



= Tasword II and AERCO with 256k! (4-drive onty) holds five 300 line documents, (96,000 chr$). $15.00



NORMAN, OKLAHOMA 73671 (495) -366 8595

When we ran a issues of which is approximately eleven percent of our current circulation. The first part of the survey dealt with information about our subscribers (age, occupation, hobbys, etc.), and questions about equipment owned. You can read the results of this in the July/August issue. In this issue the survey concludes with reader and TIME DESIGNS itself. will software and hardware with a better understanding of our TS user community.


questionnaire/survey in TIME DESIGNS, we had over 260 responses,

Most popular computer peripherals owned by TS users

Westridge/Timex TS-2050 modem

modems (various brands)

Aerco Centronics printer interface (2068) Joysticks (various brands)

Zebra Talker (2068 and 1000 versions)


Software package that is used most frequently:

MSCRIPT (2068 word processor) TASWORD II (2068 word processor) QUILL (QL word processor) PRO/FILE 2068

2X PRO/PILE (181000)


Other software that is used (1

3 frequently):

self-written “home brew" programs miscellaneous games

+ PRO/FILE 2068

+ MSCRIPT (2068 word processor)

+ TIMACHINE (2068 BASIC Compiler)


Hardware (or computer) purchasi

this coming year:

+ 2068 disk drive system dot matrix printer

+ Larken Ramdisk (752068)

} modem

: 268 Portable Computer


Software purchases this coming year:

Jack Dohany's MSCRIPT Version 6 PIXEL PRINT PROFESSIONAL (2068) any good 2068 spreadsheet miscellaneous 2068/Spectrum games + QL programming utilities


What Hardware would you like to


+ 2068 bankswitching (BEU) 1ike Timex promised additional external/internal RAM for 2068

external 1/0 board for controlling devices larger RAM for the TS1000

2068 optical scanner

IBM/MS-DOS emulator for the QL

better voice processors for Timex computers

cheaper disk interface board for the 2068 IBM/MS-DOS emulator for the 2068

Pc~style keyboard/interface for the 2068


What Software would you like to


better 2068 business programs high-resolution word processor (T1000) educational software for the 2068 (all ages) spelling checker for the 2068 more arcade and adventure game! simpler database for the QL


for the 2068

7. stock market/investment software (2068) 8. more plug-in cartridge software for the 2068 9. music programs utilizing sound chip(2068)

0. 2068 astronomy software

Comments about TS vendors/dealers

1. “generally good to excellent service” 2, “we need your support...don't give up" 3. “not enough of them" 4. “more product documentation...less tech talk" 5. “delivery is sometimes slow"

Most favorite section in TIME DESIGNS:

1. Sinclair News

anything on the 2068

program listings

+ TS Communique (Joe Williamson) advertisements

QL section

hardware projects

+ product reviews


Least favorite section in TIME DESIGNS:

don't have one QL section (because I only have a 2068) + 2068 section (because I only have a OL) + 1000 section

5. games

6. non-Sinclair information

7. long complex programs


One particular favorite article or program listing:

1. "Classy Front End" series by Paul Bingham started MARCH/APRIL '87

2. “280 Machine Code" series by Syd Wyncoop started MARCH/APRIL ‘66

3. "MAX 1000" by Tim Stoddard SEPT/OCT ‘87

4. "288 Portable Comput. NOV/DEC '87

5. "Mystery of the Missing 253" by Wes Brzowoski started JULY/AUGUST '66

6. “87 Tax Calculator" by Herb Bowers Sr. JAN/FEB ' 68

7. "QL Mandelbrot" series by Michael Carver started NOV/DEC ‘87

review by Tim Woods

Comments to the Editor of TIME DESIGNS:

“keep up the good work" “please don't quit "

“only feature TS information in TDM" “thanks for publishing the magazine” “more QL articles please”


An article/program you would like to see in TDM:

Machine Code programming tips (2068 and 1000) + QL Machine Code programming Larken disk drive system tips (2068) : how to use a spreadsheet program + BASIC programming "tricks'


Suggestions for a "theme issue” topic:

1. Dot Matrix Printers

2. Robotics/Controlling Things 3. Games

4. Music

5. Word Processing


Seng us your comments, questions, oripes, guest editorials, computer artwork, short pro- \ gram Vistings, and helpful hints } (no candy wrappers or photos of of your mother-in-law please). y We will print as many as space ellows. The Editor reserves the right to accept or reject con- tributions, and to make insipid comments in the space between columns,


George Mockridge, of Daly City, California, sent in this 152068 program he wrote to solve the PUZZLE OF THE MONTH (July/August '88) by the late Cedric R. Bastiaans. It can be compiled with TIMAGHINE, the BASIC Compiler.

- The Editor

2 REM Solution for Puzzl Month - July/AUS. TIME DEST Program by George Mockridge Can be compiled using TIMACI OREN FINT 4i,J,k,0,m 4 REM | INT 3 5 3



3: LET a=-2: PRINT "Work problem.": PRINT

Rist TO 2d



423 Ba

So 2a

60 IF i+j+k+l+m=40 THEN GO SUB


70 NEXT m: NEXT l: NEXT k: NEX T 9: NEXT i

75 stop

ing.e 20 3a

4m) THEN LET $1) a CL$) emt


(lem) THEN LET KAD) ) 7 CCLFL) mt

NaC 44) 4d) 4)): G0 To 119 112 GO TO Bea 213 GO SUB 300

418 IF a=] THEN PRINT "3 Boys A ces gig" “i jit Tek: PRINT “2 GIRLS AGES- “}Uj" "jm


300 LET a=a: IF (INT (n72)s2-n)

420 THEN LET a=-2 301 RETURN


Dear Tim.

This is a note to inform your readers that it is now feasible to run the IBM PCjr thermal printer on the 752068 computer. I ama late comer to the Timex Sinclair scene and thus did not get in on the initial Movement to full size printers such as the Gorilla Banana, Star 10, and others, But now there are hundreds of these PCir thermal printers on the market for about $30 to $35.

Granted printers keep improving and getting more reasonable in price, but for the low-budget hobbyist, this has to be one choice to consid

The PCjr printer I purchased hi serial input port and is interfaced to my TS2068 through Ed Grey's 2/8-10 serial board (available from ED GREY EN- TERPRISES) I am using print driver software written by Larry Kenny (LARKEN ELECTRONICS) for his LKDOS cartridge system. I also purchased from the printer vendor (see address at the end of this letter), a conversion plug to go from the IBM printer to the RS232 serial board on my computer.

It ig also possible to run the printer using a modified version of John Bell's “Serial Port Driver" program you published in the JAN/FEB ‘88 issue of TDM. John McMichael (1710 Palmer Dr., Laramie, WY 82070).

The thermal printer has limitations, such as the use of special paper, it's a non-permanent record, ete. But I think it is 4 good deal for the limited hobbyist. I solve the paper problem by ecrounging the end rolls of FAX paper, from a large corporate facsimile operation that buys 600 foot rolls, and throws away the roll ends so that the machine will not run out of paper while unattended. For per- manent copies of important documents, I run them through a copying machine.

I class myself as a casual user and find ti larger printer increases the utility of my "toy" computer a great deal. The real work on this system came from John McMichael, Larry Kenny and Ed Grey. I just asked each of them for their contribution. The Print driver software uses the LPRINT and LLIST Commands, but doesn't use the COPY command.

John Austin McKinney, Texas

The full-size thermal printer discussed and pictured above can be purchased from B.G. MICRO, P.O. Box 280298, Dallas. TX 75228, phone (214) 271-5546, for $29.95 + $4.00 shipping (U.S.). The printer was manufactured by CANON for the IBM PCjr. An optional PC AT/XT type connector is available for $3.00. Paper is available from Radio Shack and other sources. The printer may be available from other dealers who deal in surplus hacker supplys.

~ The Editor


Dear Tim and Staff,

I think Paul Bingham and Stan Lemke, along with all the others, deserve a big thank-you for the pro- grams they have donated to your magazine. Has anyone thought of consolidating them on a disk/tape and offering them to others through the magazine? The revenue could be used to offset production costs That way we all win.

The following is a graphic that I use for a coversheet on the operator's manual exam my pilot's have to take. Although not drawn with a commercial Graphics program (simple PLOT/DRAW commands were used), I did use TECH DRAW JR (Zebra Systems) for the shading

John Bailey Chief Warrant Officer United States Army APO, San Francisco

UH-1H Helicopter (US Army)

Drawn by: John Bailey

Nice pic John! About your suggestion: currently we are understaffed to offer all of the listings in each issue on a tape or disk. While it would be nice, just think about all of the different formats that would have to be offered (151000 tapes, QL microdrive cartridges and disks, T$2068 tapes and disks in four different formats, not to mention double-sided and quad-density disk systems), However, most of our con- tributors, including Paul Bingham. Stan Lemke, Michael Carver, William Andrews, and others, will offer most of their programs published in TDM on a tape for nominal charge. Even if it isn't stated in the article or program, it would be worth your while to contact the author either directly or through TDM to see if this service is available.

- The Editor


Dear Tim,

I have a question that you may be able to help me with. I want to write some machine code functions and link them into the name table. I own the "QL Technical Guide” and the book, "Machine Code Pro- gramming On The Sinclair QL". I ‘understand how to actually link functions and procedures, but I don't see how to transfer the answer back to SuperBASIC. Mao, how do I get thi ameters passed to my code. Would you be able to explain this or refer me to some source that could? I've read section 9.0, “Interfacing to SuperBASIC" in the Technical Guide but I'm still a little unclear about it all. A simpl example would be most helpful. Such as. function that would take two parameters and add them.

more technical to what I've but the manuals

I would really like to articles for the QL in TDM. Simi asked. The QL is a powerful machine are lacking in explaining it's full uses. I'm presently a graduate student and don't have the time to go through deciphering exactly what was meant in the manuals. Any additional help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you for your time and advise.

David McCall Rochester, New York

I asked our resident QL Machine Code programmer, Michael Carver for some references on how to pass parameters to SuperBASIC, and then to code. He has recommended the books “The Sinclair QDOS Companion” (published by Sunshine), pages 121-126; and “Advanced QL Machine Code" (published by Duckworth), pages 82- 100. These books may still be available from a QL dealer.

Your request for technical articles has been honored. Starting in this issue, Michael Carver will begin a new series, with the first article detailing how to extend SuperBASIC by installing semi-permanent PRO- cedures and FuNctions. A follow-up article will discuss creating and running Jobs on the QL.

= The Editor


Here is a very simple BASIC TS2068 program which will teach your kids their alphabet (both CAPS and small) and numbers, as well as the QWERTY keyboard. Two of my grandsons learned this way. and now my 20 month old grandaughter is "pecking away". Change the name of the bus line to their own (in Line 300) and watch them grow.

Earl L. Kielgass Tempe. Arizona



200 FOR N=@ TO si

300 PRINT AT 9,N; *

v2 INK 2 SOS PRINT AT 10,N;" MeallbMaMbaMsO a": INK Q


ERENT: 712° INK 4


BRINT AT 13,N;° ——— INK


PRINT AT 13,0; PAUSE 20 PRINT AT 13,0:" ": INK 2 PRINT AT 15,17; "NSTOPS": IN

PAUSE 20 PRINT AT 18,27;"

THEN GO To 340 L$ THEN Go To 42


cus, GO TO 21

GO TO 330



Late one morning in the IDM office, I received @ resh of phone calls. one right after the other. and all concerning the same thing. An anxious voice on the other end of the line would ask, “have you seen the new Sinclair computer advertised in POPULAR SCIENCE magazine?" Then sounding as if a friend had betrayed them, they would add, “it's an IBM clone".

I admitted that I hadn't heard about it or seen one (but thought to myself it sounded a bit fishy). By about the third or fourth call from one of our customers, I had my coat in hand, and was headed down to the drug store to secure a copy of the magazine.

And sure enough, towards the back of the pub- lication was a full page ad with a black and white photograph (see example) showing a complete computer system including a monitor. a printer and a mouse. The logo depicted on the equipment was unmistakable. The tamiliar black and white Sinclair trademark.

But wait. There was @lso somthing familiar about that computer. It looked suspiciously like an AMSTRAD PC-1640.

Zt wasn't until a month later, that I heard the complete details behind this mystery computer. It was at the Midwest Sinclair Conference in Cleveland, Ohio, during a lecture by Nigel Searle (a business associate and personal friend of Clive Sinclair).

Nigel told the audience that when the Zee portable computer came to the U.S., the national distributor took on the business nam of “SINCLAIR SYSTEMS INC."...until, that is, lawyers from AMSTRAD showed up, They said, “no way...we hold the exclusive world-wide rights to the SINCLAIR name".

Indeed, back in 1986, Clive sold his computer company to save his faltering research organization. But through some hazy clarification, Clive thought that the deal signed with AMSTRAD only included the exclusive use of the Sinclair name in Europe. But AMSTRAD. and it's shrewd chairman, Alan Sugar, had other ideas.

To avoid a nasty legal pattie, the z6e distributor instead elected to use the simple initials, "SSI". But it was reported, that Alan Sugar

and AMSTRAD still harboured ill feelings toward Clive,

thinking that he somhow tried to cheat them.

It was at the Chicago Consumer Electronics Show. that this clash came to a head. By chance, AMSTRAD and 881 had adjoining booths. Both Nigel Searle and Clive Sinclair were there to promte the 268.

Wnen they looked over at the AMSTRAD booth, they couldn't believe their eyes. Right out in front was one of AMSTRAD's Korean-made PC clones. And whore the logo should have been, somebody had taken the old Sinclair logo (literally cut out of a magazine or trochure), and had scotch-taped it over the AMSTRAD logo!

It was very obvious that Alan Suger was trying to “punish” Clive Sinclair. It is well known that Clive has never had any desire to produce an MS-DOS machine. Just look at how non-conforming the Sinclair computers have been, right down to the black plastic cases (no beige hers).

Originally, the gale of his computer company and certainly the use of his name by a competitor, bothered Sir Clive a bit. But now, looking at these “disguised” computers, both Nigel and Clive chuckled out loud.

So “thus the story of the Sinclair “clone”. How- ever, we did hear from a reliable source, that AMSTRAD will market this “new" computer, banking on increased sales. even though both the similar AMSTRAD model and the re-packaged "Sinclair" mdel will both be sold simultaneously here in the U.S. Supposedly the AMSTRAD PC stock hasn't moved to Alan Sugar's liking. With the Sinclair version, he is counting on name familiarity.

WiLL the old 751000 and 2x81 owners (at one tim, nearly a million strong) be fooled by this “wolf in sheep's clothing"? mcg 74


Small crowds, large exhibitor displays. and ex- cellent guest ‘speakers, marked the opening of Sumner Timex Sinclair computer shows in two different geographical locations,

The Third Annual Northwest/International Timex Sinclair Mini-Fair "kicked off" on August 6 and 7, at the Cosmopolitan Hotel in Portland, Oregon. The event, produced by Rod Gowen, was organized and structured very professionally, and was compared in some aspects to the Indianapolis Timex show held last year.

Ed Grey (Ed Grey Enterprises) demonstrated modems, serial cards, and digitized video. Sharp's Inc. had a full spread of QL and 288 items. RMG En- terprises featured printers, monitors, and disk drive systems stacked shoulder high. But Zebra Systems had the largest display, with ten tables full of TS1000 and TS2068 merchandise.

Nigel Searle, representing SSI and promoting the new 288 portable computer, shared a booth with George Whitham of A+ Computer Response. Jack Dohany had a customized work station that allowed him to produce 2068 software for a variety of systems and disk drive formats. Time Designs and Foote Software also had some displays.

Not to be out-done, the users groups provided some interesting things to look at. At the CCAT/S booth, Ed Fry demonstrated his four-port expansion decoder for the TS1000 (see his article on the de- coder in this issue of TDM). Another TS1000 operated @ Radio Shack robot arm at the SEATUG booth. VISTA demonstrated a Larken disk drive system and provided information on a public domain software exchange. Both the Vancouver and Las Vegas groups provided Newsletters and information about their groups activities

Guest speakers in the seminar room included Jack Dohany, Mike de Sosa, Wilf Rigter, Ed Grey, Harvey Taylor, Michael Carver, Nigel Searle, Vince Lyon, and Dick Wagner

Late Saturday night, a special “Round Table’ fession was held (open to the public), with many of the guest speakers presiding, fielded questions from the audience. Several computer topics were discussed, including “shareware”, copy protection, software Piracy, computer viruses, the 288 portable computer,


2069 at the Portland show. (photo courtesy of Tom Moll) BOTTOM: Mike de Sasa lectures on his favorite subject. the Sinclair QL, at the Fortland show. (photo courtesy of Tom Moll).

a _telecommunications network proposal, and $.N.U.G. (Sinclair -Northamerica Users idea originally initiated by some individuals at the computer fest in Florida).

Next, it was off to the 1988 Midwest Timex Sinclair Conference, which was held on August 27 and 28, at the Beck Center for the Arts, in Lakewood, Ohio (a suburb of Cleveland). The Greater Cleveland Sinclair Users Group was the host, headed by the very capable Andy Kosiorek. The community theatre complex. only a few blocks from the shore line of Lake Erie, was a fine location for a computer show.

Most of the dealers who attended the Portland gathering, were also in attendance at Cleveland. with the addition of Dan Elliott (computer repair tech- nician), Bryce Road Pharmacy (an Amstrad dealer), Budget Robotics & Computing, and Syncware News.

Along with the Cleveland group, the Capital Area T/S Users Group, the Indiana Sinclair Users Group, the SAF (Michigan) Users Group, and the Southwest Penneylvania Users Group, had computer displays.

Seminars were provided by Tom Bent, Nigel Searle, Bruce C. Taylor, James Dupuy, Ken Wildman, Frank Davis, Gary Ganger, Basil Wentworth, David Hosher, Ron Lutz, Bill Bell, and Ken Wildman.

The seminar presented by Nigel Searle drew the most attention. The topic was "Sinclair History-2X80 to 266" and included a visual presentation that traced the evolution of the 2X80 and ZX61 computers. Nigel has been a business associate and close friend of Clive Sinclair for over 15 years. He related many humorous stories and an insight into the development of our favorite hobby.

On Saturday night, a special users meeting was held for anyone interested, and the major topic of discussion was $.N.U.G. In attendance was Mel Nathanson, one of the key individuals who started the concept, and is currently pro tem Chairman of S.N.U.G. He gave a brief presentation and shared some ideas. There were both positive and negative comments from the audience during an open discussion Period. The meeting wrepped-up with a group photo (the result of which can be found in this issue). and @ catered dessert social afterwards

The producers of both shows were marginally dis- appointed in the numbers in attendance. One in- dividual, who asked not to be identified, discussed this problem at length

"If all of the locals had showed up, it would have been a success. If all of the people who wrote or told me over the phone they were coming, had 7

inex/Sinclair users who participated in a special meeting on Saturday night in Cleveland, Ghio. One of the topics dis~ cussed was the feasibility of S.N.U.G. (photo courtesy of Tom Simon) MIDDLE: Jack Dohany discusses disk drive systens for the

THE NEWSROOM continued next page.


howed. it would have been a success". He then added,

talked to this one 2068 owner who is within @riving distance, and he was almost shocked when I asked him if he was coming to the show. No, he replied. but I do want to attend a show sometime. What this guy doesn't realize. is that if folks don't get behind these shows and support them...there won't. De anymore shows!

Another show promoter attributed the low numbers to the less-than-desirable show scheduling, and the declining number of users interested in Timex Sinclair computers.

Over-all, the single most important component of these public gatherings is the exchange of vital in- formation. At both the Northwest and Midwest shows, the guest speakers were captured on video tape, and are available for those who were unable to attend. A wide variety of topics is offered. For further details on prices and a list of topics, contact the following repr Northwest Mini-Fair: Rod Gowen, 1419 1/2 Oregon City, OR 97045 Midwest 1/9 Conference: James Dupuy, 6514 Bradley Ave. (down), Parma, OH 44129.

- Tim Woods



Though many believe that our little computers are dead, the best way to prove them wrong, is by showing them the amount of Spectrum hardware and software coming our of Great Britain and Europe these days. For the Timex Sinclair 2068 owner, this may mean the addition of a "twister board" for the rear port (available from John Mathewson. 1852 Appleford St., Gloucester, Ontario, Canada KiJ-6T4), and a Spectrun ROM (available from Zebra Systems and Russell Electronics), but it is well worth the money to open up your world to thousands of software titles and hundreds of hardware add-ons. Here are some of the latest additions to this growing list.

Detel Electronics Ltd. (Fenton Industrial Estate, Govan Road Fenton, Stoke-On-Trent, England, phone 0782-744707 ) has introduced the ROBOTAPM, a robot arm and interface for the Spectrum. The arm is more versatile than Radio Shack's “Armitron”, with 5 axis manipulation and the ability to pick Up objects as small as paper clips and as large as a tennis ball. The ROBOTARM includes a magnet and scoop, and can operate without a computer via two joysticks. The ROBOTARM costs £49.99, and the Spectrum interface with control software costs an additional £19.99. Datel Electronics accepts VISA credit card orders.

Romantic Robot UK Ltd. (54 Deanscroft Ave., London, England NW9 GEN, phone 01-200-8670), is now offering the VIDEOFACE. video digitizer for £44.95, The VIDEOFACE converts pictures from a video camei or recorder into standard hi-res Spectrum screens The VIDEOFACE uses a standard composite video signal and the software (included) is menu driven. Romantic Robot UK Ltd. accepts VISA credit card orders

Remember the ROTRONICS WAFADRIVE? They are now available from Logic Sales Ltd. (19, The Broadway Southgate, London Ni4, England, phone 01-882-4942) , These are the same stringy floppy drives and op- erating system that were sold here in the states a couple of years ago. They are currently priced to sell out at £14.99. Logic Sales also has 16K and 64K wafer cartridges at £2.00 and £3.50 respectively



A comprehensive Timex/Sinclair Public Domain Software Library is maintained by the VISTA (Vashon Island, Washington) group and is available to the general public. Currently there are six 60-minute cassette tapes of programs for the TS1000. Programs for the 2068 will be offered shortly. Tapes can b obtained for a nominal fee that covers the cost of a quality blank tape, postage and handling, etc. For complete details, write to: Tim Ward, 5142-D Ginkgo Dr. S.W., Tacoma, WA 98439; or Tony Willing, PO Box 199, Vashon, WA 98070. The group is also looking for, and’ will gladly accept program submissions/donations to the library.


One of the top stories in our last issue's news section, was a hardware device and software to allow 2068 users to attach an OKIMATE 20 color printer. The trick was to purchase the optional Commodore (serial) "Plug 'N Print" package. But now, a much simpler solution has come to light by John McMichael the same individual who developed the Comodo: emulation I/F and software. By selecting the IBM (parallel) "Plug 'N Print" package, it will adapt directly to